The Koh-i-Noor is a large, colorless diamond that was found close to Guntur in the state, India, probably within the thirteenth century. It weighed 793 carats (158.6 g) uncut and was initially owned by the Kakatiya dynasty.
Timeline of Possession
14th Century AD: in the early 14th century, Alauddin Khilji, second ruler of the Turkic Khilji dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, and his army began robbery the kingdoms of southern India. malik Kafur, Khilji’s general, created a victorious raid onWarangal in 1310 when he probably acquired the diamond.
16Th Century AD :
It remained within the Khilji family line and later passed to the succeeding dynasties of the Delhi Sultanate, till it came into the possession of Babur. Babur and his son and successor, Humayun, mentioned the origins of this diamond in their memoirs, thought by several historians to be the earliest reliable relevance the Koh-i-Noor.
17th Century AD :
Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal emperor, had the stone placed into his ornate Peacock Throne. In 1658, his son and successor, Aurangzeb, confined the unwell emperor at nearby Agra Fort. whereas within the possession of Aurangazeb, it was cut by Hortense Borgia, a Venetian lapidary, thus clumsy that he reduced the weight of the stone from 793 carats (158.6 g) to 186 carats (37.2 g). For this carelessness, Borgia was admonished and punished 10,000rupees.
18th century (1739 AD ) :
Following the 1739 invasion of Delhi by Nader Shah, the Shah of Persia, the treasury of the Mughal Empire was plundered by his army in AN organized and through the acquisition of the Mughal nobility’s wealth. besides a bunch of valuable things, together with the Daria-i-Noor, as well as the Peacock Throne, the Shah conjointly carried away the Koh-i-Noor.
18th Century (1747 AD):
After the assassination of Nader Shah in 1747 and also the collapse of his empire, the stone came into the hands of one of his generals, Ahmad Shah Durrani, who later became the amir of Islamic State of Afghanistan.
19th Century (1813 AD):
After ahmad Shah the Diamond came into possession of Ahmad Shah Durrani’s descendent Shauja Shah Durrani . Shah Shuja Durrani brought the Koh-i-door back to India in 1813 and gave it to Ranjit Singh (the founding father of the Sikh Empire). In exchange, Ranjit Singh helped Shah Shuja retreat to the throne of Islamic State of Afghanistan.
19th Century (1849 AD):
On twenty-nine March 1849, following the conclusion of the Second Anglo-Sikh War, the dominion of Punjab was formally annexed to British India, and also the Last treaty of Lahore was signed, formally cession the Koh-i-Noor to Empress and the Maharaja’s other assets to the company.
Which agency is responsible for mineral extraction in India?
National Mineral Development Corporation is a state-controlled mineral producer of the Government of India. It is owned by the Government of India and is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Steel.
It is involved in the exploration of iron ore, copper, rock phosphate, limestone, dolomite, gypsum, bentonite, magnesite, diamond, tin, tungsten, graphite etc.
It also operates the only mechanized diamond mine in the country at Panna in Madhya Pradesh.
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