The Western Ghats or Sahyadri is a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, located entirely in India. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight “hottest hotspots” of biological diversity in the world.It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of IndiaThe Western Ghats form one of the four watersheds of India, feeding the perennial rivers of India. The range starts near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra, south of the Tapti river, and runs approximately 1,600 km (990 mi) through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu ending at Kanyakumari, at the southern tip of India.
A Report termed western ghats as ‘under threat’.
According to a report ‘Protecting people through nature,’ prepared by the World Wildlife Fund and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the western ghats is threatened by harmful industrial activities. The harmful industrial activities include oil and gas exploration and extraction, mining, illegal logging and large-scale constructions.
Three of the seven such Indian sites — Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Sundarbans, and the serial sites of Western Ghats — have been listed as being under threat.
On the Western Ghats, the report says the sites are facing “extractive threats” in the form of “oil and gas concessions” and “mines and mining concessions.”
The Manas Wildlife Sanctuary faces unsustainable water use whereas Sundarbans has issues related to water management.
The survey estimates that 11 million people directly depend on the World Heritage Sites for food, water, shelter, and medicine.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of humanity’s footprint on the environment.
Headquarters: Gland, Vaud, Switzerland.
species from around the world.) in collaboration with the Zoological Society of London.
Global Programme Framework (GPF) was also started by WWF in 2008 to protect the environment in various regions in The world.
Other Campaigns of WWF are
1.) Debt-for-Nature Swap 2.Earth Hour 3.Healthy Grown 4.Marine Stewardship Council
The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
1.Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage (1972). IUCN provides technical evaluations and monitoring
2.CITES- the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (1974) IUCN is a signatory party and the CITES Secretariat was originally lodged with IUCN
3.Ramsar Convention – Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (1975). The secretariat is still administered from IUCN’s headquarters.
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