The Fruits & Vegetables Availability Maps of India is a pictorial depiction of information on the
state-specific availability of fruits and vegetables which form the raw material base for food
processing sector. YES BANK, in partnership with the Ministry of Food Processing Industries,
The government of India (MoFPI) Developed the map.
Fruits & Vegetables Availability Maps of India provides an extensive review of the production and
availability scenario of major commodities produced in India at the National as well as State levels.
Fact-Based Questions can be asked in Civil Services Prelims Examination from the Fruits & Vegetables
Availability Maps of India. The topic has been covered in the IAS |HAS Coaching classroom programme
The state-wise highlights of the map as given below:
1. Andhra Pradesh contributes to around 70% of shrimp production in India. The geographical location
of the state allows marine fishing as well as inland fish production. Most exported marine exports
include Vannamei Shrimps, which is currently the largest export earner in the seafood basket.
2. Arunachal Pradesh, which translates to the " land of the dawn-lit mountains", is also known as the
Orchid State of India or the Paradise of the Botanists. The state is blessed with over 500 species of
medicinal plants, which has a huge potential for enhancing the economy of the state.
3. ASSAM The state of Assam is the world's largest tea-growing region. Historically, Assam has been the
second largest commercial tea production region after Southern China. Southern China and Assam are
the only two regions in the world with native tea plants.
4. Bihar: The state of Bihar accounts for 45% of India's total Litchi production. Shahi Litchis from
Muzaffarpur is famous within as well as outside India. Bihar also accounts for 90% of the world
production of Makhana.
5. Chhattisgarh is one of the greenest states of India with over 44 % of its total area under lush forests.
The forests of Chhattisgarh are not only known for their diverse flora and fauna but also contain about
88 species of medicinal plants. The use of ethnomedicine, which has been practiced by aboriginal tribes
since centuries, predating even Ayurveda, is also being promoted in Chhattisgarh.
6. Goa: Coconut Palm and Cashew Nuts are grown extensively as major crops in Goa, both of which
produce the famous country liquor ‘Fenny’. Goa is a major exporter of cashew from India and its salted
and roasted nuts are enjoyed all over the world. The Portuguese introduced Cashew to Goa along with
the secrets of fermentation and distillation to produce what has become one of Goa’s most important
7.Gujarat: Milk cooperatives of India owe their origin to the state of Gujarat. The AMUL model is world
famous and the most successful one in India. The Anand city of Gujarat is also known as the milk capital
8.Haryana: Dairy farming is an essential part of Haryana's rural economy. Haryana, with 720 grams
availability of milk per capita per day against the national average of 290 grams, ranks second in the
country after Punjab. The Murrah breed of water buffalo from Haryana is world famous for its milk
9.Himachal Pradesh: During the beginning of the 20th century, Satyanand Stokes introduced apple
cultivation in Himachal Pradesh and now around 1.3 lakh hectares has been brought under apple
orchards in the state. Kinnaur Apples are the most favored variety in India.
10. Jammu and Kashmir Saffron are one of the most expensive spices in the world. Iran, Spain, India, and
Greece dominates the world trade for saffron. Kashmir is the largest producer of saffron in India.
11. Jharkhand is a major producer of Bael fruit in India. Also known as the wooden apple, the fruit is a
remedy to many diseases and also has a connect with the Indian mythology. Medicinally, the root is the
most important part of the tree. It is also one of the trees categorized as climate purifiers as they emit
more amount of oxygen as compared to other trees.
12. Karnataka India is the largest producer, as well as, consumer of Arecanut. Accounting for 60% of the
country's production, Karnataka is the largest producer of Arecanut in India. Considered as an auspicious
ingredient, the Arecanut is still used along with betel leaf in religious ceremonies.
13. Kerala is renowned the world over for being the major producer and exporter of the ‘King of Spices'-
Pepper. Besides Pepper, Kerala is also the largest producer of Cardamom and Nutmeg spices.
14. Madhya Pradesh is the second largest producer of Coriander and Garlic and is a major exporter of
15. Maharashtra is a leading state in production of Grapes in the whole country. The state also accounts
for nearly 80% of the Grapes exports from India. Maharashtra is also the largest producer of Alphonso
Mangoes, the most sought-after variety for exports.
16. Manipur Passionfruit, a native of Brazil is a high value and export-oriented crop. Passionfruit stands
out not only for its exotic and unique flavor and aroma but also for its amazing nutritional and medicinal
properties. Manipur is the largest producer of Passionfruit in India, where the fruit grows naturally.
17. Meghalaya India is the largest producer and exporter of Turmeric in the world. The Jaintia Hills
district of Meghalaya produces some of the finest Turmeric in the world with its “Lakadong” variety. Due
to its high curcumin content, robust aroma, color and organic nature, this variety has a good market
potential in India and abroad.
18. The Mizoram Government has been aggressively promoting oil palm cultivation since 2005 under its
New Land Use Policy and has declared its northernmost district of Kolasib the state’s first oil palm
19.Nagaland: Naga Mircha or the Bhut Jolokia (Ghost Pepper), the traditional chili variety of Nagaland,
is the hottest chili in the world as its pungency level is about 400 times more than the normal ones.
Guinness World Records certified that the ghost pepper is the world's hottest chili pepper. The chili is
grown in the North Eastern region of India, Myanmar, and Bangladesh.
20. Odisha Kewda flowers, mostly collected from Ganjam district of Odisha are very famous for
extraction of essential oils. Odisha produces around 80% of the country's Kewda extract.
21. Punjab also called the land of five rivers is one of the most fertile regions on the earth. Punjab is
called the "Granary of India" or "India's bread-basket”. It is one of the largest contributors to the
national pool of wheat and rice for the public distribution system. Besides this, the state is also one of
the largest producers of honey in the country and contributes almost 25% of country's honey
22. Rajasthan India is the largest producer, consumer, and exporter of Coriander in the world. Rajasthan
accounts for more than 50% of India's Coriander production.
23. Sikkim The Government of Sikkim stepped into Organic Mission process from 2003, the year when it
stopped imports of chemical fertilizers in the state. The government plans to convert Sikkim into a
totally Organic State by 2015.
24. Tamil Nadu Bananas are the fifth largest agricultural commodity in world trade after cereals, sugar,
coffee, and cocoa. India, Ecuador, Brazil, and China alone produce half of the total bananas of the world. In
India, Tamil Nadu produces around 20% of the total production. Tamil Nadu is also the largest producer
of Tapioca from which Sago is produced, however, Maharashtra is the largest consumer of the product.
25. Telangana is a newly formed state of India. The major strengths of the state lie in cotton cropping,
which is practiced on about 14 lakh hectares. In comparison, the USA grows the crop on an area of 18 lakh
26. Tripura Rubber and Tea are the important cash crops of the state. Tripura ranks second only to
Kerala in the production of natural rubber in the country. Tripura is also the largest producer of Jackfruit
in the country
27. Uttar Pradesh is known for its Dussehra variety of mango. The state is one of the largest producers
of this variety in the world and its export plays a significant role in the state’s economy.
28. Uttarakhand is the largest producer of temperate fruits like peach, pear, and plum in India.
29. West Bengal India is one of the world's leading producers of tea accounting for 23% share by
volume. The tea produced in India is among the finest in the world. Darjeeling tea is well-known all over
the world and is the first Indian product to be recognized by the European Union as a protected GI.
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